1984 Glossary

Explore the terms George Orwell uses throughout his dystopian novel ‘1984′, including Big Brother, doublethink, hate speech, and more.

1984 Glossary
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  • Airstrip One
    In George Orwell’s 1984, Airstrip One is a province. It is part of the larger nation of Oceania. 
  • Big Brother
    Big Brother is a character and symbol from George Orwell’s '1984.' He is the leader of Oceania. 
  • Doublethink
    The term “doublethink,” as first seen in George Orwell’s '1984,' is used to describe one’s capacity to hold two contradictory beliefs at one time.
  • Floating Fortress
    The floating fortress is a military base mentioned in George Orwell’s '1984.' These are stations that Oceania uses to protect its territories or encroach on lands that belong to Eastasia and Eurasia. 
  • Hate Week
    Hate Week is a week of events that are designed to make the citizens of Oceania feel as much hate as possible towards certain enemies in George Orwell’s '1984.' 
    INGSOC, or English Socialism, is the totalitarian political party of Oceania, in George Orwell’s '1984.'  
  • Inner Party
    The Inner Party is the top two percent of citizens from Oceania in George Orwell’s 1984. 
  • Junior Anti-Sex League
    The Junior Anti-Sex League is a fictional organization featured in George Orwell’s '1984' that's working to end all sexual intercourse.
  • Memory Hole
    The memory hole is a term that comes from George Orwell’s 1984. It refers to a hole in the wall into which paper and photographs are destroyed.
  • The Ministry of Peace
    The Ministry of Peace is a governmental organization in '1984' by George Orwell. It is in charge of the war effort.
  • The Ministry of Plenty
    The Ministry of Plenty is one of the four ministries that are responsible for running Oceania in George Orwell’s 1984.
  • Ministry of Truth
    The Ministry of Truth is one of four ministries in Oceania in George Orwell’s novel '1984.'
  • Newspeak
    Newspeak is the fictional language Orwell invented for his novel 1984. It is used to control what people are capable of thinking.
  • Pornosec
    Pornosec is a division of the Ministry of Truth in George Orwell’s novel '1984.'
  • Room 101
    Room 101 is the designation of a particularly awful torture chamber within the Ministry of Love in '1984.'
  • Speakwrite
    The speakwrite is a device that was invented by George Orwell for his novel, '1984.' It is used instead of physical writing. 
  • Telescreen
    The telescreen is a device used in '1984' by George Orwell. It has the appearance of a dulled mirror and is usually part of the wall. It also allows the Thought Police to monitor Party members.
  • Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism
    'The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism' is a fictional novel featured in George Orwell’s 1984. 
  • Thought Police
    The Thought Police, or Thinkpol, are the group responsible for the detection of thoughtcrime within Oceania in George Orwell’s '1984. '
  • Thoughtcrime
    Throughtcrime a term used throughout Orwell’s 1984. It is defined as thoughts that go against the political ideology of the Party. 
  • Unperson
    The term “unperson” first appeared in George Orwell’s '1984.' It refers to someone whose existence is denied due to a political or ideological crime.
1984 Glossary
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