1984 Glossary

Explore the terms George Orwell uses throughout his dystopian novel ‘1984′, including Big Brother, doublethink, hate speech, and more.

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  • a

  • Airstrip OneIn George Orwell’s 1984, Airstrip One is a province. It is part of the larger nation of Oceania. 
  • b

  • Big BrotherBig Brother is a character and symbol from George Orwell’s '1984.' He is the leader of Oceania. 
  • d

  • DoublethinkThe term “doublethink,” as first seen in George Orwell’s '1984,' is used to describe one’s capacity to hold two contradictory beliefs at one time.
  • f

  • Floating FortressThe floating fortress is a military base mentioned in George Orwell’s '1984.' These are stations that Oceania uses to protect its territories or encroach on lands that belong to Eastasia and Eurasia. 
  • h

  • Hate WeekHate Week is a week of events that are designed to make the citizens of Oceania feel as much hate as possible towards certain enemies in George Orwell’s '1984.' 
  • i

  • INGSOCINGSOC, or English Socialism, is the totalitarian political party of Oceania, in George Orwell’s '1984.'  
  • Inner PartyThe Inner Party is the top two percent of citizens from Oceania in George Orwell’s 1984. 
  • j

  • Junior Anti-Sex LeagueThe Junior Anti-Sex League is a fictional organization featured in George Orwell’s '1984' that's working to end all sexual intercourse.
  • m

  • Memory HoleThe memory hole is a term that comes from George Orwell’s 1984. It refers to a hole in the wall into which paper and photographs are destroyed.
  • The Ministry of PeaceThe Ministry of Peace is a governmental organization in '1984' by George Orwell. It is in charge of the war effort.
  • The Ministry of PlentyThe Ministry of Plenty is one of the four ministries that are responsible for running Oceania in George Orwell’s 1984.
  • Ministry of TruthThe Ministry of Truth is one of four ministries in Oceania in George Orwell’s novel '1984.'
  • n

  • NewspeakNewspeak is the fictional language Orwell invented for his novel 1984. It is used to control what people are capable of thinking.
  • p

  • PornosecPornosec is a division of the Ministry of Truth in George Orwell’s novel '1984.'
  • r

  • Room 101Room 101 is the designation of a particularly awful torture chamber within the Ministry of Love in '1984.'
  • s

  • SpeakwriteThe speakwrite is a device that was invented by George Orwell for his novel, '1984.' It is used instead of physical writing. 
  • t

  • TelescreenThe telescreen is a device used in '1984' by George Orwell. It has the appearance of a dulled mirror and is usually part of the wall. It also allows the Thought Police to monitor Party members.
  • Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism'The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism' is a fictional novel featured in George Orwell’s 1984. 
  • Thought PoliceThe Thought Police, or Thinkpol, are the group responsible for the detection of thoughtcrime within Oceania in George Orwell’s '1984. '
  • ThoughtcrimeThroughtcrime a term used throughout Orwell’s 1984. It is defined as thoughts that go against the political ideology of the Party. 
  • u

  • UnpersonThe term “unperson” first appeared in George Orwell’s '1984.' It refers to someone whose existence is denied due to a political or ideological crime.
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