Arthur Miller Facts 📝

Arthur Miller is one of the most prolific and influential authors of the 20th century. He was an American playwright, essayist, and a figurehead of the post-World War II era.

Arthur Miller

(1915-2005), American

With his groundbreaking works such as ‘The Crucible‘ and ‘Death of a Salesman,’ Arthur Miller redefined the boundaries of modern drama and theatre. His works are studied in schools and universities around the world and are continually performed at the highest level. Many of his plays have been turned into television shows and films, spreading his stories to an even wider audience.

Arthur Miller was born in Harlem, New York on October 17, 1915

Miller was the second of three children, and his father, Isidore, was a successful businessman. His mother, Augusta, was a homemaker. Miller’s family moved to Brooklyn in 1929 when Isidore lost everything in the stock market crash. Miller attended public schools in Brooklyn, then went on to study at the University of Michigan.

He was the second of three children

Miller was the second of three children. His brother Kermit passed away in 2002, and his younger sister, Joan is an actress. Not much is known about their lives other than the fact that they both graduated from college. Arthur Miller was particularly close to his younger sister, Joan. He often wrote letters to her and kept in touch with her throughout his life.

Miller’s father lost everything in the stock market crash of 1929

In 1929, Arthur Miller’s father owned a successful small business, but when the stock market crashed, he lost everything. The family was left with no other choice but to move to Brooklyn. The move meant starting over, with no money and limited resources. Despite the difficult circumstances, Miller was determined to continue his education and pursue his dream of becoming a writer.

Miller attended public schools in Brooklyn, and then went on to study at the University of Michigan

Arthur Miller was born in Harlem, New York in 1915 and attended public schools in Brooklyn. After completing his schooling in Brooklyn, Miller attended the University of Michigan where he studied journalism. At the University of Michigan, Miller continued his education by joining the university’s Dramatic Arts Club. 

This led to his interest in writing for the theater, which would become his lifelong passion. This marked the start of a prolific career as one of the most influential writers of the 20th century.

His first play, The Man Who Had All the Luck, was a flop

Arthur Miller’s first play, ‘The Man Who Had All the Luck,’ premiered on Broadway in 1944. Despite receiving mixed reviews from critics, the play closed after four performances, making it an undeniable flop. 

The story centers around a successful young man, David Beeves, and his struggles to remain humble and kind despite his newfound wealth and fame. Critics praised the emotional depth of the play but criticized its lack of realism, noting that the characters were too idealistic. 

The play was also called out for being overly sentimental and moralistic. The New York Times review said that “the author has indulged too much in the wish-fulfillment of the fairy tale,” and Variety said that the production was “too simple and heart-tuggingly obvious to be anything more than a mawkish piece of entertainment.” 

His most famous play, Death of a Salesman, won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1949

The play follows the story of Willy Loman, a sixty-year-old salesman in the United States during the mid-twentieth century. Throughout the play, Willy reflects on his past and experiences as he struggles to find his identity and purpose in life. ‘Death of a Salesman‘ offers a critique of the American Dream and the pursuit of success, ultimately revealing the tragedy of those who try and fail to achieve it. 

It is an exploration of the social and psychological consequences of financial insecurity and how these can affect family dynamics. The play has since become a classic in American theater, with its themes continuing to resonate today.

In 1956, Miller’s play The Crucible was published, which was based on the Salem witch trials

The Salem Witch Trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts, between February 1692 and May 1693. The trials resulted in the executions of 20 people, most of whom were women, and all but one by hanging. Hundreds of others were accused but later released or pardoned. The hysteria that surrounded the trials was largely fueled by superstition and mass hysteria, as well as religious intolerance. Miller depicts this chaos and hysteria in his play, ‘The Crucible.’

In 1962, Miller married the actress Marilyn Monroe

Their union was a union of opposites, with Miller being introspective and Marilyn Monroe being a symbol of Hollywood glamour. The couple met in 1951 and enjoyed spending time together and would often take trips to Europe or Mexico. Unfortunately, the marriage only lasted five years before ending in a contentious divorce. Despite the brief marriage, Miller and Monroe had a deep respect for each other and remained friends until her untimely death in 1962.

Arthur Miller died on February 10, 2005, at the age of 89

On February 10, 2005, Arthur Miller passed away at the age of 89 in Roxbury, CT. He suffered from congestive heart failure. 


What is Arthur Miller remembered for?

Arthur Miller is remembered as one of the most influential playwrights of the 20th century. He wrote thought-provoking plays that explored themes of morality, justice, and family relationships.

What kind of plays did Arthur Miller write?

Arthur Miller wrote plays that focused on the human condition and examined timeless topics such as ambition, morality, and justice. His works often tackled social issues of the day in a way that resonated with audiences.

What is Arthur Miller’s most famous play?

Arthur Miller’s most famous play is ‘Death of a Salesman,’ which won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1949. It is considered a classic American tragedy and is still regularly performed around the world.

What was Arthur Miller’s relationship with Marilyn Monroe?

Arthur Miller was married to Marilyn Monroe from 1956 to 1961. Their relationship was tumultuous and played out in the public eye, with Miller often defending Monroe against accusations of being a “dumb blonde.”

Emma Baldwin
About Emma Baldwin
Emma graduated from East Carolina University with a BA in English, minor in Creative Writing, BFA in Fine Art, and BA in Art Histories. Literature is one of her greatest passions which she pursues on Book Analysis.
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